The Sinagua were Ancient Puebloans who populated north central Arizona from about 600 until 1400 A.D. The Sinagua of Walnut Canyon initially lived and farmed on the canyon rim, but started building dwellings in the canyon alcoves around 1100 A.D. They inhabited these cliff dwellings until 1250 A.D., then vanished. The Sinagua left over 80 cliff dwellings behind. Walnut Canyon was established as a National Monument in 1915 to protect the dwellings and their contents.
Thanks to Wikipedia and the National Park Service for background content.
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