Ride the Rails on the Cumbres & Toltec Scenic Railroad

The Cumbres and Toltec Scenic Railroad is part of what was originally the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad narrow-gauge network. The Cumbres & Toltec Scenic Railroad runs between Antonito, Colorado and Chama, New Mexico on 64 miles of narrow-gauge track (3 feet between rails). The railroad has been jointly owned and operated by Colorado and New Mexico since 1970. The railroad normally offers 9 different trips, most combining travel by both train and bus. However only two trips are offered during the COVID pandemic, a round trip from Antonito to Osier and back, and a round trip from Chama to Osier and back. (I might mention here that masks are required for the duration. Anyone refusing to wear a mask is put off the train). Our trip will start from Antonito. The train averages about 10 or 11 miles per hour, and crosses back and forth between Colorado and New Mexico 10 times on its 37.7 mile trip to Osier. So let's get rolling.

Cumbres & Toltec Scenic Railroad Entrance

The Cumbres & Toltec Railyard is located just off US 285 in Antonito. There's a lot to see, including the rail car shop, railroad depot, lots of rolling stock, and other odd and ends, so get there early. The train pulls out of the station promptly at 10:00 AM.

Antonito Water Tank

Engine 494 is a class K-37 steam locomotive (don't ask me what that means). It's a Mikado 2-8-2 type built by Baldwin Locomotive Works (2-8-2 is the wheel arrangement - 2 small wheels front, 8 large middle, and 2 small rear). The Cumbres & Toltec has several Mikado engines originally built for the Denver & Rio Grande Western. Engine 484 is another Mikado engine that will be taking us on our trip today.

Engine 494 and Coal Tender

Coach Car "Chama"

A little "Speeder"

Three rails to accomodate both
standard and narrow gauge rolling stock

Antonito Train Depot

Getting Ready

Engine 484

All Aboard!

Desert scrub with shield volcano in background

After leaving the railyard our train traverses the high desert of San Louis Valley for a few straight miles before reaching Ferguson's Trestle (aka Hangman's Trestle) (285.9). The trestle got its name when the good citizens of Antonito lynched a bad dude by the name of Ferguson by hanging him from the trestle. The original 1880s trestle burned down when a planned explosion started an unplanned fire during the filming of the movie, "Where the Hell's That Gold?". A replica of the trestle was built soon after.

Ferguson's/Hangman's Trestle

Forging Ahead

Bringing up the Rear


We start climbing onto a lava mesa and around Lava Loop past the old Lava Water Tank (291.5). The loop is/was used to reverse the direction of snow plows. A water car can be seen that provides water for the rotary snowplows.

Lava Tank

Rotary Water Car

The train continues on, negotiating the turns of Whiplash Curve (297.0) on the way. Whiplash Curve is a series of three alternating horseshoe curves that climb up a hill. If you are sitting at the front or rear of the train you can often see a lot of the rest as it rounds each curve. After Whiplash Curve we pass Bighorn Wye (299.4) and arrive at Sublette (306.0) which was home to section gangs who maintained the railroad. The train makes a brief stop here to replenish water for the engine boiler.

Part of Whiplash Curve

Coach Car Interior

Old discarded railroad ties

Big Horn Wye


Toltec Siding

Leaving Sublette our train continues to gain altitude and is surrounded by Ponderosa Pines and Aspen Groves. We pass Toltec Siding (310.3) and through Mud Tunnel (311.3), the first of two tunnels we will encounter. Toltec Siding was used for long pipe and oil trains in the 1950s. Mud tunnel was carved through unstable volcanic ash and is lined with wooden pillars and cross-beams to keep it from collapsing.

Entering Mud Tunnel

Fall Colors

After Mud Tunnel the train rounds Phantom Curve (312.3) and passes through Rock Tunnel (315.2) on its way to Osier. The Garfield Memorial (315.3) is seen just as the train exits Rock Tunnel. The Memorial was erected in 1881 after President Garfield's assassination. At this point the railroad tracks are some 600 feet above the bottom of Toltec Gorge, which was carved by the Rio de los Pinos (River of the Pines). The engineer might stop briefly and blow the engine horn several times for the echo effect.

Passing through Rock Tunnel, Toltec Gorge,
and Garfield Monument

Garfield Memorial

Rio de los Pinos
(River of the Pines)

Train Whistle Echos

We've reached our destination, Osier, CO (318.4). Osier started life as a toll station, and with the coming of the train grew into a small community. It had a rooming house for travelers, store, section house for railroad employees, train depot, turntable, loading docks and cattle pens. Everyone gets to wander around town while the train turns around and takes on more water. Then it's lunch time, and what a lunch it is (more like Thanksgiving dinner). There's turkey with dressing and all the trimmings, a soup and salad bar, and lots of desserts. And, it's all you can eat.

Osier - End of the line

Osier Water Tank


Osier Dining Hall

Chow down, everyone

It's time to board the train for the return trip, so here's hoping you remembered which coach car you were on. You'll see everything again, just in reverse. This is the time for more photos, or reading that book you may or may not have brought along, or taking a nice snooze on a full stomach. All in all a really fun train ride. I highly recommend it!

On the way home
(actually a train returning to Chama)

Fun facts were obtained from the Cumbres & Toltec trip brochure and Wikipedia.
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